Bogor is located approximately 54 kilometers south of Indonesia’s capital city Jakarta and is part of the West Java Province. The city covers an area of 21,56 km2 with a population number of 984.060 (in dec 2015). Bogor is sometimes called “the city of rain” (kota hujan) due to its high rainfall. Bogor consists of 6 districts (called kecamatan) which can be further divided into 68 subdistricts (called kelurahan) .
The city’s inaguration day is celebrated every 3rd of June, because it corresponds to thecoronation of Prabu Siliwangi as the king of the Pajajaran Dynasti. Bogor has long been a known as one of the centers of education and agricultural research and is home to various national research institutions. The Bogor Agricultural Institute has been founded since the beginning of the 20th century and has contributed both in the national and international level.
Bogor is located between 106°43’30”- 106°51’00” east longitude and 30’30” – 6°41’00” south latitute with an average altitude of at least 190 m and 350 m at the most. Its distance to Jakarta is about 60 km.
Bogor has an areaof 118,5 km²and is crossed by various rivers: Ciliwung, Cisadane, Cipakancilan, Cidepit, Ciparigi, and Cibalok. The word “Ci” itself is the Sundanese word for river. Such a topography makes Bogor relatively save from natural floods. Bogor borders with various districts of Bogor Regency (called Kabupaten) namely:
- North: Sukaraja, Bojonggede, and Kemang Districts
- East: Sukaraja and Ciawi Districts
- South: Cijeruk and Caringin Districts
- West: Kemang and Darmaga Districts
Climate Topography and Geography
Bogor is located at an altitude of 190 – 339 m above sealevel. Its air is relatively mild with an average monthly temperature of 26 °C and relative air humidity of 70%. The average lowest monthly temperature is 21,8°C and mostly occur in December and January. The wind direction is affected by the muson wind current. From May to March the wind is affected by the west muson current.
Bogor is tilted between 0 – 15% where the minority of its area has a tilting between 15-30%. The city’s soil type is red-brown lactosol in almost all location with an effective depth of more than 90 cm and has a smooth soil texture as well sensitive to errosion. Bogor is located at the feet of the two mountains Salak and Gede, thus the city is rich in orographic rain. The wind current from the Java Sea brings a lot of fumes to the inland and increases suddenly when entering the Bogor area so that it directly condeses into rain. The rain falls almost all day (70% in a year)which is why the city is sometimes called as “the city ofrain”. The unique climate made the colonial Netherland government in the past to choose Bogor as a botanical and agriculture center a tradition that the city keeps untill today.
Geographically, Bogor is situated in the middle of Bogor Regency and is close the Indonesia’s capital Jakarta which made the city a strategic place in developing economical activities. The Bogor Botanical Garden and Bogor Palace is up to now an interesting tourist site. The city location serves as a hub to Puncak or Cianjur, which is also a strategic potential for economical development.
source : ipb/disdukcapil